Infographics: 7 publications on History, memory and exiting extreme and mass violence

This infographics presents a lists of chosen publications of the IPEV working group “The role of history and memory in exiting extreme and mass violence: comparative lessons“.



Scott Straus, Making and Unmaking Nations
War, Leadership, and Genocide in Modern Africa
, Cornell University Press, 2017

The author seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide.


Baskara T. Wardaya, Truth Will Out: Indonesian Accounts of the 1965 Mass Violence, Monash University Publishing, 2013

This striking compilation of essays surveys a variety of views about the 1965 mass violence in Indonesia and current efforts to understand it. This book provides a valuable window into why this past remains contested today and some of the obstacles to reconciliation and full rehabilitation of survivors.


Bridget Conley, How Mass Atrocities End, Cambridge University Press, 2016

Given the brutality of mass atrocities, it is no wonder that one question dominates research and policy: what can we, who are not at risk, do to prevent such violence and hasten endings? But this question skips a more fundamental question for understanding the trajectory of violence: how do mass atrocities actually end? 


Catherine Besteman, Making Refuge: Somali Bantu Refugees and Lewiston, Maine, Duke University Press, 2016

The author follows the trajectory of Somali Bantus from their homes in Somalia before the onset in 1991 of Somalia’s civil war, to their displacement to Kenyan refugee camps, to their relocation in cities across the United States, to their settlement in the struggling former mill town of Lewiston, Maine.


Francisco Ferrandiz, Julián López García, Fontanosas 1941-2006: Memoria de carne y hueso (flesh and blood memory), 2010

This book was initiated after an anonym letter that was an incentive for the beginning of a process of exhumations of those who were killed and for the realisation of forensic, ethnographic, historical, literary researches, photographic, journalistic and political essays.


Natan Sznaider, Alejandro Baer, Memory and Forgetting in the Post-Holocaust Era, The Ethics of Never Again, Routledge, 2017

To forget after Auschwitz is considered barbaric. The duties of memory surrounding the Holocaust have spread around the globe and interacted with other narratives of victimization that demand equal treatment. Are there crimes that must be forgotten and others that should be remembered?


Ronald G. Suny, “They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else” A History of the Armenian Genocide, Princeton University Press, 2017

Ronald Suny cuts through nationalist myths, propaganda, and denial to provide an unmatched account of when, how, and why the atrocities of 1915–16 were committed. Drawing on archival documents and eyewitness accounts, this is an unforgettable chronicle of a cataclysm that set a tragic pattern for a century of genocide and crimes against humanity.