Los objetivos del grupo sobre las minorías

Saad Salloum presenta los objectivos de su grupo «Derechos y protección de las minorías en Oriente próximo»



Saad Salloum is an Iraqi academic specializing in Iraqi minorities and human rights. Assistant Professor and heads the research department in the College of Political Sciences of Mustansiriya University in 2014 . He is one of the founding members of the Iraqi Council for Interfaith Dialogue.
The enormous consequences of the conflict and absence of stability that has since the Arab Spring and the emergence of ISIS  have exposed members of of religious, ethnic, and linguistic minorities to massive violations of their rights. These violations are reflected in the various forms of violence such as  kidnappings, murders, tortures, harassments, forced religious conversions, attacks, and destruction of homes, possessions, shops, commercial spaces, and places of worship for these minorities».
In the worst cases, violence against minorities took the form of collective atrocities, crimes against humanity, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and even genocide, such as the massacres committed by ISIS in the  case of Syria and Iraq (Yezidis, Turkmen, Christians, Shabak, and other minorities).
However, minorities in  Middle east have not been exposed to violence because of the on-going conflict but rather for reasons related to their small  demographic size, their weak participation in public life along with their ethnic, religious, and linguistic differences, which marginalize those who are different from the majority. In addition to all these factors, minorities suffer from pre-conceptions stereotypes, and social stigmatization.
Additionally, the absence of the state in protecting human rights, in general, and the rights of minorities, in particular, along with the presence of non-state actors who commit violence against members of minorities leave minorities more often than not with no tools to defend themselves and their rights.
The violence against minorities is usually committed by active non-governmental parties, such as members of majority parties, larger stronger groups, armed groups that implement criminal acts, such as kidnapping, blackmailing, and confiscation of property, and other groups, such as tribes that have a strong influence in some countries such as Yemen and southern Iraq.
One of the main objectives of  our research group to analyze the factors leading to this violence and draw a map of  the key governmental and non-governmental actors.
In an attempt to highlight the means to consolidate stability and prevent violence before it erupts, our research group will analyzes and proposes an initial capacity building map to confront the violence against minorities. It details the building of the state on the first level and the building of the capacities of minorities to protect themselves on a parallel level along with the building of local capacities informal dialogue, reconciliation, and conflict resolution structures. In the same context, emphasizes the importance of building a risk assessment and early warning system.
Saad Salloum