Infographics: 7 publications on justice and reconciliation

The IPEV members have gained international recognition for their work on contemporary forms of violence.

This infographics presents a lists of chosen publications of the IPEV working group “Justice and reconciliation: comparative lessons“.

 

Elisabeth Claverie, « Protect the victim or the accused? Judgment, revision and history at the International Criminal Tribunal for ex-Yugoslavia », Droit et cultures, 58 | 2009, 141-159.

Vojislav Seselj, a Serbian ultranationalist, accused for war crimes and crimes against Humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal in The Hague has decided to defend himself. So the accused stands as a “lawyer”. This situation changes the course of hearings and puts the witnesses in great difficulty. The difficulties are such that the trial has been suspended by the Court which has engaged a plaint for outrage against Seselj.

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Aïda Kanafani-Zahar, “Acteurs civils contre la violence, la crise libanaise de 2007–2008”
(Civil actors against violence, the Libanese crisis of 2007-2008), in in  Les sociétés civiles dans le monde musulmans, La Découverte

This chapter is part of a book that looks at the conditions that fostered the emergence of mobilisations in the Arab world through the analysis of the phenomenon of civil society. What is civil society? What are its relations with the state, the markets, or international NGOs? Can it lead to democratisation?

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Anne-Marie Losonczy, “Murderous returns: armed violence, suicide and exhumation in the Emberá Katío economy of death”, Human Remains and Violence, Volume 2, No. 2, 2016
Since the early 1990s, armed actors have invaded territories in the Chocó and Antioquia departments of Colombia, inhabited by Afro-Colombians and Indians whose collective rights in these territories had recently been legally recognised.
Based on long-term fieldwork among the Emberá Katío, this article examines social, cosmological and ritual alterations and reorganisation around violent death. Following a national policy of post-conflict reparations, public exhumations and identifications of human remains reveal new local modes of understanding and administration. In particular, suicide, hitherto completely unknown to the Emberá, broke out in a multitude of cases, mostly among the youth. Local discourse attributes this phenomenon to the number of stray corpses resulting from the violence, who are transformed into murderous spirits which shamans can no longer control. The analysis focusses on the unprecedented articulation of a renewed eschatology, the intricate effects of an internal political reorganisation and the simultaneous inroad into their space of new forms of armed insurrectional violence. Thus the article will shed light on the emergence of a new transitional moral economy of death among the Emberá.

 

Julie Saada, Enseigner le passé violent. conflit, après conflit, et justice à l’école (Teaching violent past conflict, after conflict and justice at school), Artois Presses Université, 2014

How do societies teach violent past, its judgement by International Criminal Justice, or the Human Rigths? This is the question raised by this book, as the school focuses around questions going beyond pedagogical questions, it stands at the cross-road between a reflection on justice and on education.

 

Marie-Christine Doran, The Hidden Face of Violence in Latin America: Assessing the Criminalization of Protest in Comparative Perspective,
in Latin American Perspectives, 2017

The criminalization of social movements and protest remains underanalyzed as a problem intrinsic to democracy. Comparison of two seemingly different Latin American countries with regard to the degree of violence, Chile and Mexico, suggests that, far from being caused by the dysfunction of the legal system or other institutional factors, criminalization is a specific form of retrenching on well-established civil and political rights, rendering them synonymous with criminal behavior that must be sanctioned legally, and tolerates abusive behavior by state agents toward human rights defenders, who are viewed as enemies. As such, it is key to an understanding of the current violence in Latin America. Fieldwork and interviews of human rights defenders in the two countries suggest that criminalization of collective action is a systemic state response to the intense multifaceted mobilization in favor of democracy and new generations of rights that Latin America has been experiencing “from below” during the past decade.

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Sara Liwerant, Crimes sans tabou: Les meurtres collectifs en jugement, Bruylant, 2011

This book is an invitation to think other spaces of justice able to consider on one hand the endogenous visions of a territorialised justice and on the other end the collapse of a perception of Humanity, unveiled by collective and political murders.

 

Sophie Daviaud, “Los desafíos de un proceso de transición parcial” (the Challenges of a partial transitionnal process), in Violencia y transiciones políticas a finales del siglo XX
2017

In this chapter, the autor wonders under what conditions will the country be able to move on from a partial transition to a way out of the violence. Does Colombia run the risk of intensified conflict and a new pattern of war?

Read article (In Spanish)